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Wellington CityCommunity profile

Wellington City

Service age groups

Wellington City had a higher proportion of pre-schoolers and a lower proportion of people at post retirement age than Kilbirnie Central in 2018.

The Age Structure of the population is the most widely used component of the Census. It is an indicator of an area’s residential role and function and how it is likely to change in the future. Wellington City's age demographics are indicative of the area’s era of settlement and provide key insights into the level of demand for services and facilities (as most services and facilities are age-specific).

Service age groups divide the population into age categories that reflect typical life-stages. They indicate the level of demand for services that target people at different stages in life and how that demand is changing.

To get a more complete picture of Wellington City's demographic characteristics, Wellington City's Age Structure should be viewed in conjunction with Family and Household type data.


Derived from the Census question:

'When were you born?'

Age structure - Service age groups
Wellington City - Total persons20182013Change
Service age group (years)Number%Kilbirnie Central %Number%Kilbirnie Central %2013 to 2018
Babies and Pre-schoolers (0 to 4)10,2935.13.911,4936.05.2-1,200
Primary Schoolers (5 to 11)16,0057.96.015,0577.96.1+948
Secondary Schoolers (12 to 17)13,3266.64.912,9906.85.3+336
Tertiary education and independence (18 to 24)28,45814.012.427,30914.310.4+1,149
Young workforce (25 to 34)36,22517.919.831,91116.717.5+4,314
Parents and homebuilders (35 to 49)43,21821.319.743,04122.521.9+177
Older workers and pre-retirees (50 to 59)25,06212.411.622,52711.810.5+2,535
Empty nesters and retirees (60 to 69)16,2248.07.114,7277.77.8+1,497
Seniors (70 to 84)11,4815.78.99,7535.110.0+1,728
Elderly aged (85 and over)2,4451.25.72,1421.15.4+303
Total population202,737100.0100.0190,950100.0100.0+11,787
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Census of Population and Dwellings 2013 and 2018. Compiled and presented in by .id , the population experts.
Stats NZ data quality rating: Very high
Please refer to specific data notes for more information

Dominant groups

Analysis of the service age groups of Wellington City in 2018 compared to Kilbirnie Central shows that there was a higher proportion of people in the younger age groups (0 to 17 years) and a lower proportion of people in the older age groups (60+ years).

Overall, 19.5% of the population was aged between 0 and 17, and 14.9% were aged 60 years and over, compared with 14.8% and 21.7% respectively for Kilbirnie Central.

The major differences between the age structure of Wellington City and Kilbirnie Central were:

  • A larger percentage of 'Primary Schoolers (5 to 11)' (7.9% compared to 6.0%)
  • A smaller percentage of 'Elderly aged (85 and over)' (1.2% compared to 5.7%)
  • A smaller percentage of 'Seniors (70 to 84)' (5.7% compared to 8.9%)
  • A smaller percentage of 'Young workforce (25 to 34)' (17.9% compared to 19.8%)

Emerging groups

From 2013 to 2018, Wellington City's population increased by 11,787 people (6.2%). This represents an average annual population change of 1.21% per year over the period.

The largest changes in the age structure in this area between 2013 and 2018 were in the age groups:

  • Young workforce (25 to 34) (+4,314 persons)
  • Older workers and pre-retirees (50 to 59) (+2,535 persons)
  • Seniors (70 to 84) (+1,728 persons)
  • Empty nesters and retirees (60 to 69) (+1,497 persons)

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