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Wairoa DistrictCommunity profile

Wairoa District

Service age groups

Wairoa District had a higher proportion of pre-schoolers and a similar proportion of people at post retirement age than Hawke's Bay Region in 2018.

The Age Structure of the population is the most widely used component of the Census. It is an indicator of an area’s residential role and function and how it is likely to change in the future. Wairoa District's age demographics are indicative of the area’s era of settlement and provide key insights into the level of demand for services and facilities (as most services and facilities are age-specific).

Service age groups divide the population into age categories that reflect typical life-stages. They indicate the level of demand for services that target people at different stages in life and how that demand is changing.

To get a more complete picture of Wairoa District's demographic characteristics, Wairoa District's Age Structure should be viewed in conjunction with Family and Household type data.


Derived from the Census question:

'When were you born?'

Note: This page includes data from the 2018 Census. Between 2013 and 2018, the geographical classification was changed, and with it many boundaries were altered. As a result, you may see different small area options when comparing to pages that do not yet show 2018 data. Learn more.

Age structure - Service age groups
Wairoa District - Total persons20182013Change
Service age group (years)Number%Hawke's Bay Region %Number%Hawke's Bay Region %2013 to 2018
Babies and Pre-schoolers (0 to 4)6367.66.56698.57.2-33
Primary Schoolers (5 to 11)98711.810.491211.610.0+75
Secondary Schoolers (12 to 17)7268.78.37449.49.1-18
Tertiary education and independence (18 to 24)6307.57.45767.37.4+54
Young workforce (25 to 34)88810.611.47329.39.7+156
Parents and homebuilders (35 to 49)1,32315.818.11,33216.919.6-9
Older workers and pre-retirees (50 to 59)1,14013.613.61,16114.713.9-21
Empty nesters and retirees (60 to 69)1,15213.811.996012.211.7+192
Seniors (70 to 84)7599.110.46848.79.4+75
Elderly aged (85 and over)1291.52.11171.52.1+12
Total population8,370100.0100.07,887100.0100.0+483
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Census of Population and Dwellings 2013 and 2018. Compiled and presented in by .id , the population experts.
Stats NZ data quality rating: Very high
Please refer to specific data notes for more information

Dominant groups

Analysis of the service age groups of Wairoa District in 2018 compared to Hawke's Bay Region shows that there was a higher proportion of people in the younger age groups (0 to 17 years) and a similar proportion of people in the older age groups (60+ years).

Overall, 28.1% of the population was aged between 0 and 17, and 24.4% were aged 60 years and over, compared with 25.2% and 24.4% respectively for Hawke's Bay Region.

The major differences between the age structure of Wairoa District and Hawke's Bay Region were:

  • A larger percentage of 'Empty nesters and retirees (60 to 69)' (13.8% compared to 11.9%)
  • A larger percentage of 'Primary Schoolers (5 to 11)' (11.8% compared to 10.4%)
  • A smaller percentage of 'Parents and homebuilders (35 to 49)' (15.8% compared to 18.1%)
  • A smaller percentage of 'Seniors (70 to 84)' (9.1% compared to 10.4%)

Emerging groups

From 2013 to 2018, Wairoa District's population increased by 483 people (6.1%). This represents an average annual population change of 1.2% per year over the period.

The largest changes in the age structure in this area between 2013 and 2018 were in the age groups:

  • Empty nesters and retirees (60 to 69) (+192 persons)
  • Young workforce (25 to 34) (+156 persons)
  • Primary Schoolers (5 to 11) (+75 persons)
  • Seniors (70 to 84) (+75 persons)

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