Ruapehu District CouncilCommunity profile
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National Park

About the profile areas

The 2018 population for National Park is 1,047, with a population density of 0.01 persons per hectare.


Note: This page displays the area boundaries used for the 2018 Census. In some cases, these are significantly different to the pre-2018 areas. For more on this, see the Census 2018 page.

Name origin

National Park is named after the railway station, which was named because it provided access to the Tongariro National Park.

Profile areas
National Park

Settlement history

European settlement dates from the 1820s, although population was minimal until the early 1900s when the North Island Main Track railway line was constructed. Tongariro National Park was established in 1887 when land was gifted to the Crown. Growth took place in several small townships through to the 1920s, with land used mainly for farming and saw milling. Skiing became popular in the 1960s and 1970s. The population declined between 1996 and 2013, largely due to a decline in dwelling occupancy rates.

Land use

National Park Rural is a predominantly rural area, with small townships at National Park Village, Owhango, Raurimu and Whakapapa Village. The population of the area increases substantially during the ski season. Rural land is used largely for sheep and cattle grazing and forestry.

Major features

Major features of the area include Tongariro National Park, Whanganui National Park, Tongariro National Park Visitor Centre, Mount Tongariro, Whakapapa Ski Area, Tongariro Alpine Crossing, Lake Otamangakau, Chateau Tongariro Hotel, Raurimu Spiral, Erua Forest, Tongariro Forest, Ohinetonga Scenic Reserve, the Northern Explorer train and two schools.

Included areas

National Park Rural encompasses the Census area units of National Park, Owhango and Raurimu.