27% of the Napier City's households contained only one person, compared with 22.9% in the New Zealand, with the most dominant household size being 2 persons per household in 2018.
The size of households in general follows the life-cycle of families. Households are usually small at the stage of relationship formation (early marriage), and then increase in size with the advent of children. They later reduce in size again as these children reach adulthood and leave home. Household size can also be influenced by a lack (or abundance) of affordable housing. Overseas migrants and indigenous persons often have a tradition of living with extended family members which significantly affects household size.
An increasing household size in an area may indicate a lack of affordable housing opportunities for young people, an increase in the birth rate or an increase in family formation in the area. A declining household size may indicate children leaving the area when they leave home, an increase in retirees settling in the area, or an attraction of young singles and couples to the area.
Derived from the three Census questions:
'Name of each person including visitors who spent the night of Tuesday, 5 March 2013 in this dwelling', and 'Where does the person usually live?', and 'Are there any persons who usually live in this dwelling who were absent on Census Night (Tuesday, 5 March 2013)?'
|Number of persons usually resident||Number||%||New Zealand %||Number||%||New Zealand %||2006 to 2018|
|6 or more persons||693||3.0||4.5||714||3.3||4.6||-21||380||1429|
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Census of Population and Dwellings (opens a new window) 2006 and 2018. Compiled and presented in profile.id by .id (opens a new window) , the population experts.
Analysis of the number of persons usually resident in a household in the Napier City compared with the New Zealand shows that there were a higher proportion of lone person households, and a lower proportion of larger households (those with 4 persons or more). Overall there were 27.4% of lone person households, and 20.8% of larger households, compared with 22.9% and 26.6% respectively for the New Zealand.
The major differences in the household size for the Napier City and the New Zealand were:
- A larger percentage of households with 1 person usually resident (27.4% compared to 22.9%)
- A larger percentage of households with 2 persons usually resident (36.6% compared to 34.0%)
- A smaller percentage of households with 4 persons usually resident (12.4% compared to 15.2%)
- A smaller percentage of households with 6 or more persons usually resident (3.0% compared to 4.5%)
The number of households in Napier City increased by 1,395 between 2006 and 2018.
The largest changes in the number of persons usually resident in a household in the Napier City between 2006 and 2018 were:
- 1 person (+678 households)
- 2 persons (+606 households)
- 3 persons (+132 households)