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Dunedin City CouncilCommunity profile

Dunedin City

Smoking behaviour

In 2018, 11.6% of the population in Dunedin City were regular smokers.

Smoking is the major cause of preventable disease in New Zealand. Data on smoking prevalence is used by those working in the health sector to:

  • monitor changes in smoking prevalence among the adult population of New Zealand
  • understand the profile of smokers, to better target at-risk groups in the community with future health education programmes
  • target health education programmes and evaluate the success of these
  • monitor changes in smoking statistics amongst high-risk groups in New Zealand
  • examine the inter-relationships between smoking and other socio-economic variables and how these change over time.
Please note: Stats NZ has given Cigarette smoking behaviour data for the 2018 Census a quality rating of "moderate". This indicates there may be some minor issues looking at the comparisons to 2013 and 2006. Users should avoid concluding that any change in the categories is purely due to real world change. See Stats NZ’s DataInfo+ for specific information on what this rating means and recommendations for use.


Derived from the Census questions:

'Do you smoke cigarettes regularly (that is, one or more a day)?', and 'Have you ever been a regular smoker of one or more cigarettes a day'

Note: This page includes data from the 2018 Census. Between 2013 and 2018, the geographical classification was changed, and with it many boundaries were altered. As a result, you may see different small area options when comparing to pages that do not yet show 2018 data. Learn more.

Smoking behaviour
Dunedin City20182013Change
Smoking behaviourNumber%Otago Region %Number%Otago Region %2013 to 2018
Regular smoker12,32711.612.312,24612.112.8+81
Ex smoker23,85022.423.821,07820.922.4+2,772
Never smoked regularly70,16766.063.959,25358.856.3+10,914
Not stated / included------8,2478.28.6-8,247
Total population aged 15+106,344100.0100.0100,824100.0100.0+5,520
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Census of Population and Dwellings 2013 and 2018. Compiled and presented in by .id , the population experts.
Stats NZ data quality rating: Moderate
Please refer to specific data notes for more information

Dominant groups

Analysis of smoking behaviour in Dunedin City in 2018 compared to Otago Region shows that there was a lower proportion of people were regular smokers, a lower proportion of people who were ex-smokers and a increased by proportion of people who had never smoked regularly.

Overall, 11.6% of Dunedin City's population were current smokers, 22.4% were ex-smokers and 66.0% had never smoked regularly, compared with 12.3%, 23.8% and 63.9% for Otago Region respectively.

Emerging groups

The largest changes in the smoking behaviour of the population in Dunedin City between 2013 and 2018 were for:

  • Never smoked regularly (+10,914 persons)
  • Ex smoker (+2,772 persons)
  • Regular smoker (+81 persons)

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