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Dunedin City CouncilCommunity profile

Dunedin City

Service age groups

Dunedin City had a similar proportion of pre-schoolers and a lower proportion of people at post retirement age than Otago Region in 2018.

The Age Structure of the population is the most widely used component of the Census. It is an indicator of an area’s residential role and function and how it is likely to change in the future. Dunedin City's age demographics are indicative of the area’s era of settlement and provide key insights into the level of demand for services and facilities (as most services and facilities are age-specific).

Service age groups divide the population into age categories that reflect typical life-stages. They indicate the level of demand for services that target people at different stages in life and how that demand is changing.

To get a more complete picture of Dunedin City's demographic characteristics, Dunedin City's Age Structure should be viewed in conjunction with Family and Household type data.


Derived from the Census question:

'When were you born?'

Age structure - Service age groups
Dunedin City - Total persons20182013Change
Service age group (years)Number%Otago Region %Number%Otago Region %2013 to 2018
Babies and Pre-schoolers (0 to 4)6,1354.95.16,3605.35.8-225
Primary Schoolers (5 to 11)9,6277.68.18,9527.47.9+675
Secondary Schoolers (12 to 17)8,8057.06.88,8147.37.3-9
Tertiary education and independence (18 to 24)20,88316.512.320,97017.412.9-87
Young workforce (25 to 34)15,16812.013.812,90910.711.4+2,259
Parents and homebuilders (35 to 49)21,91517.418.522,11618.419.6-201
Older workers and pre-retirees (50 to 59)16,24212.913.015,78313.113.6+459
Empty nesters and retirees (60 to 69)13,43110.611.211,7489.810.8+1,683
Seniors (70 to 84)11,2448.99.110,0418.48.7+1,203
Elderly aged (85 and over)2,8112.22.02,5562.12.0+255
Total population126,261100.0100.0120,249100.0100.0+6,012
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Census of Population and Dwellings 2013 and 2018. Compiled and presented in by .id , the population experts.
Stats NZ data quality rating: Very high
Please refer to specific data notes for more information

Dominant groups

Analysis of the service age groups of Dunedin City in 2018 compared to Otago Region shows that there was a lower proportion of people in the younger age groups (0 to 17 years) as well as a lower proportion of people in the older age groups (60+ years).

Overall, 19.5% of the population was aged between 0 and 17, and 21.8% were aged 60 years and over, compared with 20.0% and 22.4% respectively for Otago Region.

The major differences between the age structure of Dunedin City and Otago Region were:

  • A larger percentage of 'Tertiary education and independence (18 to 24)' (16.5% compared to 12.3%)
  • A smaller percentage of 'Young workforce (25 to 34)' (12.0% compared to 13.8%)
  • A smaller percentage of 'Parents and homebuilders (35 to 49)' (17.4% compared to 18.5%)

Emerging groups

From 2013 to 2018, Dunedin City's population increased by 6,012 people (5.0%). This represents an average annual population change of 0.98% per year over the period.

The largest changes in the age structure in this area between 2013 and 2018 were in the age groups:

  • Young workforce (25 to 34) (+2,259 persons)
  • Empty nesters and retirees (60 to 69) (+1,683 persons)
  • Seniors (70 to 84) (+1,203 persons)
  • Primary Schoolers (5 to 11) (+675 persons)

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