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Upper Hutt City

About the profile areas

The 2013 population for Upper Hutt City is 40,179, with a population density of 0.74 persons per hectare.

Location and boundaries

Upper Hutt City is located at the southern end of the North Island, about 30 kilometres north-east of the Wellington CBD. Upper Hutt City is bounded by the Kāpiti Coast District Council area in the north, the South Wairarapa District Council area in the east, Hutt City in the south, and Porirua City in the west.

Name origin

Upper Hutt City is named after Sir William Hutt, founding member, director and chairman of the New Zealand Company.

Settlement history

European settlement dates from 1841, with land used mainly for farming. Population was minimal until the 1880s, with growth spurred by the opening of the railway line in 1876. Expansion continued from the 1920s. The most significant residential development occurred from the post-war years, particularly during the 1950s and 1960s, aided by the establishment of two large manufacturing plants (General Motors and Dunlop Tyre Factory). Growth began to slow during the 1970s, largely due to a decline in manufacturing activities. The population of the City was relatively stable from the 1980s through to 2001 at less than 37,000 people, and then increased gradually to over 40,000 in 2013.

Land use

Upper Hutt City is an urban and rural area, with the main areas of development being along the Hutt River valley floor. Rural land is used largely for farming and forestry. Upper Hutt City encompasses a total land area of 540 square kilometres.

Transport

The City is served by State Highway 2 and the Hutt Valley railway line.

Major features

Major features of the City include the Upper Hutt CBD (including The Mall), Royal Wellington Golf Club, Silverstream Golf Park, Te Marua Golf Club, Trentham Camp Golf Club, Trentham Racecourse, Wellington Family Speedway (Te Marua), Kartsport Wellington Raceway, Trentham Camp (Military Facility), Rimutaka Prison, H2O Xtream Aquatic Centre, Expressions Arts and Entertainment Centre, Silver Stream Railway Museum and Steam Train Rides, Golder Cottage, Staglands Wildlife Reserve, Bluebank Blueberry & Emu Farm, Orongomai Marae, Kaitoke Regional Park, Akatarawa Forest, Pukuratahi Forest, Rimutaka Forest Park, New Zealand International Campus, the Hutt River Trail, Harcourt Park, Maidstone Park, Trentham Memorial Park and the Hutt River.

Indigenous background

The original inhabitants of the Upper Hutt area were the Māori people.

Included areas

Upper Hutt City includes the suburbs and localities of Akatarawa, Brentwood, Clouston Park, Cloustonville, Ebdentown, Elderslea, Emerald Hill, Heretaunga, Heretaunga-Silverstream, Maidstone, Mangaroa, Maoribank, Moonshine Valley, Pinehaven, Poets Block, Riverstone Terraces, Te Marua, Totara Park, Trentham North, Trentham South, Upper Hutt Central and Wallaceville.

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