What type of dwellings do we live in?
Derived from two Census questions, "Mark the space that best describes this dwelling:
- House or townhouse (NOT joined to any other)
- House, townhouse, unit or apartment joined to one or more other houses, townhouses, units or apartments
- Moveable dwelling, for example, caravan, boat, tent etc
And "Is this building as a whole one storey, two or three storeys, four or more storeys, or none of these?"
Dwelling type statistics are important determinants in the role and function that an area plays in the housing market. A greater concentration of higher density dwellings is likely to attract more young adults and smaller households; while larger, detached or separate dwellings are more likely to have families and prospective families living in them, although this is not a mutually exclusive pattern.
The residential built form often reflects market opportunities or planning policy, such as the building of denser forms of housing around public transport nodes or employment centres.
Dwelling type statistics in Kelburn should be viewed in conjunction with Dwelling size, Household types, Housing tenure statistics and Age structure data for a more complete picture of the housing market.
|number||%||Wellington City %||number||%||Wellington City %||2001 to 2006
|Occupied private dwellings||1,434||95.0||94.1||1,374||92.0||92.8||60
|Unoccupied private dwellings||72||4.8||5.6||108||7.2||6.8||-36
|Non private dwellings||3||0.2||0.3||15||1.0||0.4||-12
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Census of Population and Dwellings, 2006, 2001 and 1996.
Please refer to the specific data notes for more information.
Dwelling structure looks at the type of dwelling for all occupied private dwellings. In 2001 and 2006, this was classified according to responses on the form by the household, while in 1996, it was classified by the Census collector. The categories are broadly based on the density and height of the housing types.
'Separate house' includes all free-standing dwellings not physically joined to any other.
'Medium Density' in 2006 includes 'Two or More Flats/Units/Townhouses/Apartments/Houses joined together in a one storey, two or three storey building', as well as the same category with no storey information. These categories include all dwellings joined to at least one other. In 2001 and 1996, this category includes all flats/units or townhouses joined together in a 1 or 2 storey building, but does not include 3 storey buildings. It also includes flats attached to shops or businesses.
'High density' in 2006 includes all dwellings joined together in a four or more storey block. In 2001 and 1996 it includes three storey buildings and higher. As a result of this definitional change, care should be taken when looking at the medium and high density categories separately over time, particularly where medium-sized apartment blocks are known to exist.
'Other dwelling' includes caravans, mobile homes, improvised dwellings or shelters and people sleeping rough.
Unoccupied dwellings are shown separately in the table, broken down by the reason for unoccupancy. This was a separate question on the form, answered by the Census collector. Further information on this classification is on the Statistics New Zealand website.
In 2006, there were 804 households who occupied a separate house in Kelburn, while 501 occupied a medium density dwelling, and 72 occupied high density flats and apartments.
Analysis of the types of dwellings in Kelburn in 2006 compared to Wellington City shows that 53.3% occupied a separate house; 33.2% occupied a medium density dwelling; while 4.8% occupied high density dwellings, compared with 57.7%, 25.3%, and 6.7% respectively in Wellington City.
The largest changes in the type of dwellings occupied by households in Kelburn between 2001 and 2006 were for those occupying a:
- Separate house (+90 dwellings);
- High density (-69 dwellings), and;
- Medium density (+51 dwellings).