What is our employment status?
Derived from the Census questions, "In the 7 days that ended on Sunday 5 March, which of these did you do?
- worked for pay, profit or income for an hour or more
- worked in a family business or family farm without pay
- I work in a job, business or farm, but I was not working last week for some reason
- None of these – Did you look for paid work in the last 4 weeks?"
Relates only to persons aged 15 years or more.
The Employment statistics of the population are an important indicator of the socio-economic status of an area. It represents the share of the population that is employed full-time, part-time or unemployed, as well as changes over time in the labour force. Employment Status is linked to a number of factors:
- the age structure of the population, which for example influences the number of persons in the workforce (i.e. population 15 years or more) or retired (i.e. population over 60 years);
- the economic base and employment opportunities available in the area; and
- the education and skill base of the population.
The labour force participation rate refers to the proportion of the population over 15 years of age that was employed or actively looking for work. The labour force is a fundamental input to domestic production. Its size and composition are therefore crucial factors in economic growth. From the viewpoint of social development, earnings from paid work are a major influence on levels of economic well-being.
Wellington City's Census Employment Status data should be analysed in conjunction with Income statistics, Occupation and Qualifications data to identify the relative socio-economic status of the area.
(persons aged 15 years and over)
|Usual residence||number||%||Wellington Region %||number||%||Wellington Region %||2001 to 2006
|Total labour force||107,847||100.0||100.0||96,483||100.0||100.0||11,364
|Total in labour force||107,847||73.0||69.1||96,483||72.3||67.9||11,364
|Not in labour force||35,217||23.8||28.3||32,688||24.5||29.6||2,529
|Employment status unidentifiable||4,632||3.1||2.6||4,296||3.2||2.4||336
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Census of Population and Dwellings, 2006, 2001 and 1996.
Please refer to the specific data notes for more information.
Includes persons aged 15 years and over.
'Employed full time' is defined as having worked 35 hours or more in all jobs during the week prior to Census night (the week ended Sunday March 5).
'Employed part time' is defined as having worked less than 35 hours in all jobs during the week prior to Census night.
The 'Labour force' is defined as all persons aged 15 years and over who are looking for work, or are employed, either full time, part time or casually.
'Not in the labour force' includes all people over 15 who are not employed and not looking for work.
The size of Wellington City's labour force in 2006 was 107,847 persons, of which 21,483 were employed part-time (19.9%) and 81,150 were full time workers (75.2%).
Analysis of the employment status in Wellington City in 2006 compared to Wellington Region shows that there was a higher proportion in employment, and a lower proportion unemployed.
Overall, 95.2% of the labour force was employed (69.5% of the population aged 15+), and 4.8% unemployed (3.5% of the population aged 15+), compared with 94.8% and 5.2% respectively for Wellington Region.
Between 2001 and 2006, the number of people employed in Wellington City showed an increase of 12,120 persons and the number unemployed showed a slight decrease of 756 persons.
Analysis of the labour force participation rate of Wellington City in 2006 shows that there was a higher proportion in the labour force (73.0%) compared with Wellington Region (69.1%).
Between 2001 and 2006 in Wellington City the number of people in the labour force showed an increase of 11,364 people, or 11.8%.