Which ethnic group do we belong to?
Derived from the Census question, "Which ethnic group do you belong to?" This is a multi-response question.
The ethnic population refers to the ethnic group or groups that people in Wellington City identify with or feel they belong to. Ethnicity is a measure of cultural affiliation, as opposed to race, ancestry, nationality, or citizenship. Ethnicity is self-perceived and people can affiliate with more than one ethnic group.
To get a more complete picture of Wellington City's cultural and ethnic characteristics Ethnicity data should be viewed in conjunction with Maori Descent, Country of Birth, Recent Arrivals, Languages Spoken and Religion data.
|Ethnic group||Wellington City
|Usual residence||number||%||Wellington Region %||number||%||Wellington Region %||2001 to 2006
|Middle Eastern/Latin American/African||3,612||2.0||1.2||2,598||1.6||0.9||1,014
|Not elsewhere included||6,495||3.6||3.3||6,726||4.1||3.3||-231
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Census of Population and Dwellings, 2006, 2001 and 1996.
Please refer to the specific data notes for more information.
This question asks the respondent to classify their ethnic group. It is subjective, and somewhat open to interpretation, particularly each person's understanding of the term "ethnicity". The 2006 Census asked people to consider an ethnic group as having:
- A shared culture, such as traditions, customs, beliefs or language
- A common ancestry or history
- A similar geographic, tribal or clan origin.
A total of 238 individual ethnicity responses are captured by the Census, but only the largest groups are shown in this topic in profile.id®.
'Not elsewhere included' includes the response 'Don’t know' as well as the non-responses 'Not Stated' and 'Unidentifiable'.
Note that ethnicity is a multiple response topic, so the total of all categories will be greater than the total population.
Please note that prior to 2006, the response "New Zealander" was included as a separate category, while in the 2006 Census, there is no separate category, but those who responded "New Zealander" are included as "Other ethnicity". For data comparability, the New Zealanders in the "Other" category for 2006 have been added to the "European" category, which should enable 2006 Census to be directly compared to earlier years.
Analysis of the ethnic population in Wellington City in 2006 compared to Wellington Region shows that there was a lower proportion of people who identified themselves as European and a lower proportion of people in who identified themselves as Maori or Pacific Peoples.
Overall, 76.8% of the population identified themselves as European and 12.4% as Maori or Pacific Peoples, compared with 77.0% and 20.1% for Wellington Region respectively.
The major differences between ethnic populations of Wellington City and Wellington Region were:
- A larger percentage of Asian (12.7% compared to 8.1%);
- A smaller percentage of Maori (7.4% compared to 12.3%), and;
- A smaller percentage of Pacific peoples (5.0% compared to 7.7%).
The largest changes in ethnic populations in this area between 2001 and 2006 were in the groups:
- European (+9,501 persons);
- Asian (+5,955 persons);
- Maori (+1,446 persons), and;
- Middle Eastern/Latin American/African (+1,014 persons).